Michelle Comerford, Project Director and Industrial & Supply Chain Practice Leader, Biggins Lacy Shapiro & Co. (Winter 2011)
The 2010 Corporate Survey results provide some interesting insight, as well as confirmation of what we are also seeing in the industry.
Overall, 2010 marked another year for a down U.S. economy, and the survey results confirm that as 62 percent of respondents made no changes to their number of company facilities in 2010. Also as a sign of some continued hesitancy to invest capital during a time of recession, 30 percent of respondents indicated they were deferring any capital spending, and 33 percent said they have been seeking ways to optimize current facilities. This has also been our experience at Austin this year, as our in-house designers and engineers have worked with many clients to optimize current facility layouts to handle increasing production requirements in the short term before considering additional new facilities that may be necessary in the future.
That being said, 2010 also provided some glimmers of hope, especially beginning in the second half of the year as our corporate site selection consulting activity significantly picked up. This may be an indication that a growing number of companies are gearing up to make location decisions in the next 6-12 months and be up and running new operations within the next 12-24 months. The survey results confirm this - 38 percent of respondents expect to open new facilities within one to two years. Forty-eight percent of respondents also think the economy will improve significantly by 2012, which may signify an increase in new facility locations to accommodate increasing product demand that typically comes with an improved economy.
As for the 2010 ranking of site selection factors, many of the results making up the top 10 are expected, but others may be an indication of some new trends. For example, the number-one site selection factor shifted from labor costs in 2009 to highway accessibility in 2010. Although this can be an indicator for transportation costs - inbound/outbound shipping costs were ranked eighth on the list - it is most likely signaling the importance of supply-chain efficiency in manufacturing and distribution operations today. Time is money, and the faster a company can get raw materials in and finished products out to market, the better. In addition, the first-place ranking of highway accessibility may be an indication of the importance of just having a "good" site or building, i.e., one that is well situated within a community within close proximity to a highway.
Also in the top 10 this year is availability of buildings, which has moved up in the rankings from last year. This is most likely a result of the down real estate markets across the country and the expectation that there are a lot of available buildings out there that are competitively priced. This has been the case for many of our recent site selection projects, in which clients come to us with the desire to find an existing building in which to locate a new operation. In addition, availability of buildings is also becoming increasingly important as companies that deferred capital spending due to the recession, but experienced continued growing demand for their products, now need additional production space within the next six to nine months. These time constraints have forced companies to consider existing buildings (as opposed to greenfield sites) in order to get up and running as quickly as possible.
Overall, despite some of these newer trends, it's not surprising that cost factors will continue to drive most site selection decisions. According to the survey results, seven of the top 10 factors are still related to cost - labor, occupancy or construction, corporate tax rate, inbound/outbound shipping, and energy - or cost avoidance - tax exemptions and state and local incentives. However, in order to be successful, it is also important for companies to satisfy the other high-ranking non-cost factors.