Labor: it's one of the greatest concerns for any company seeking to expand or relocate. With national unemployment at nearly 10 percent, finding qualified workers should be easy - but that's not the case. In fact, companies are encountering a lack of supply to fill demands for specialized skills.
"Several reports indicate a large number of standing vacancies in the U.S. economy," says Peter Cappelli, professor of management and director of the Center for Human Resources at the Wharton School of Business. "About 2 percent of all jobs in the United States are currently vacant. From what I've seen, these are not entry-level jobs. The skills that are in short supply are work-based skills, the kind that are only learned on the job - experience with these vendors, knowledge of these work practices, an understanding of this industry."
Companies expect most future positions to require additional education and training, another study shows. And the Business Roundtable, an association of chief executives of major corporations, reports that 62 percent of members say they have difficulty finding qualified applicants to fill vacancies. Many also say that at least 16 percent of their work forces have skill gaps that burden productivity.
"This shortage of qualified employees has had, and continues to have, a negative impact on businesses," says Donna Steffy of Global Human Resources Outsourcing. "As a significant percentage of the jobs that are opening up are in fields such as advancing technologies, medicine, clean-energy research, biotech, and engineering, many companies are struggling to gain access to a job pool with the required skill sets."
So how do companies find the skilled employees they need?
Many communities have large numbers of highly skilled, displaced workers due to facility closures and layoffs. But the availability of hundreds or thousands of available workers from a similar industry with the right skills could actually attract companies considering relocations or expansions.
Ready-to-Go Work Forces
"For companies considering new manufacturing operations in the United States, the states that have been hardest hit with unemployment are the same states that recorded the highest percentage of manufacturing employees before the recession," says Buzz Canup, founder and president of Canup & Associates. "North Carolina, Tennessee, South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, and Kentucky have unemployment rates of 10 percent or higher, which includes a surplus of workers with manufacturing experience. Similar downturns in manufacturing have occurred in Oregon, Washington, California, Nevada, Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, and Indiana. These states have always been prime sites for manufacturing companies and will be even more attractive over the coming months."
Several Indiana communities have proactively marketed their unemployed workers. Elkhart suffered heavy job losses after the RV industry collapsed several years ago, but has since attracted new businesses. Electric car manufacturer Think North America will invest more than $43 million in an automotive assembly plant there that will create 415 direct jobs and up to 4,500 ancillary jobs by 2013. The city's ready and able work force was a top draw for the company.
In October, the Indiana Economic Development Corporation announced $725,000 in performance-based tax credits and up to $50,000 in training grants to Nexus RVS LLC, a new RV maker with its sights set on Elkhart. The company will invest more than $2.8 million to lease and equip a 109,000-square-foot plant there.
"We selected Elkhart because of the enormous knowledge base of both the individual workers and the vast supplier base," says Claude Donati, Nexus president.