Following the wildfires on the West Coast and 2017’s trio of harrowing hurricanes, concerns may be in order for the commercial real estate industry. Last year’s Altus Group Real Confidence Executive Survey results revealed 46 percent of property professionals view climate change as a larger economic concern than geopolitical conflicts and terrorism. At first glance this might be surprising, but if you think about other risks like terrorism or political fallout, natural disaster risk is slightly more controllable. You may not be able to control the natural disasters themselves, but they tend to be location-specific, which means risk mitigation can be factored in with insurance and underwriting.
Hurricanes have proven to be very costly to the real estate industry, particularly to coastline regions, but we have recently seen a shift to inland properties that has created greater cause for concern regarding those assets. With strong winds and heavy rainfall, hurricanes have proven to test the readiness of commercial properties. Damage totals can often be difficult to calculate, and costs to rebuild are not always an accurate reflection, as some assets are not rebuilt immediately or at all.
Many cities are working to address the increasing frequency and intensity of natural disasters by directing development to less flood-prone areas and increasing the required elevation to minimize water damage. The construction industry and governments are looking to improve construction materials, design, and building codes, while also calling for more rigid building methods that require roofs, walls, and foundations to be more secure. They are also refining the wind-resistance of structures through improved building materials such as hurricane-resistant concrete blocks and glass windows.
As a related factor, there has been a rise in LEED-certified and Energy Star-rated buildings as the commercial real estate industry is becoming increasingly focused on climate change and designing with sustainability in mind. Almost 40 percent of commercial real estate buildings in the U.S. are LEED-certified.
There currently isn’t an immediate impact on property valuations on coastal properties. However, properties located in locations prone to natural disaster often encounter higher insurance costs to combat the possibilities of an occurrence. This doesn’t have a significant impact on owners as insurance is not a major property expense.
Many real estate owners, operators, and investors are now looking for higher-ground areas that are historically prone to less risk. Owners who do locate in areas that may be at a higher risk for a natural disaster typically design their buildings with this in mind. Some factors they may consider include avoiding known flood plains, larger setbacks from the coastline where possible, and incorporating storm water management into their design.