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Critical Site Selection Factor #1: Highway Access Affects the Bottom Line

Access to a high-quality highway infrastructure will improve a company’s profitability.

Q4 2015
This series examines the top-10 location factors from Area Development’s Q1/2015 Corporate Survey that determine where our readers will locate and/or expand their facilities. Highway access is their primary concern, followed by occupancy and construction costs. Our readers are also looking for available land and available buildings. Find out what else companies like yours should consider when making your next location/expansion decision.

When companies undertake a site search, they are evaluating three key elements:

1. How to reduce the total cost of operation
2. How to reduce the risk of business interruption
3. How to improve speed to market for customer deliveries

All three of these elements can be greatly impacted by proximity to high-quality transportation systems, especially highways. Transportation costs are easier to manage with good access to highways, particularly for supply chain and manufacturing operations. Therefore, it is no surprise that highway access is a top concern for companies that are locating or expanding their facilities.

Highways need to be multi-lane roads with some limited access and speeds of 55 mph or higher. Interstates are even better. Trucks use fuel more efficiently when they are traveling at 60 miles an hour, compared to sitting at traffic lights or in stop-and-go traffic congestion. Faster speed to market improves a company's overall profitability.

Logistics site selection cost analysis needs to be focused on total costs, not any individual cost element, says Tim Feemster, managing principal for Foremost Quality Logistics in Dallas, Texas. Many companies focus on incentives, tax, or labor costs and forget the transportation expense. Transportation costs can range from 50 to 80 percent of supply chain costs, depending on the industry and type of operation.
Many companies focus on incentives, tax, or labor costs and forget the transportation expense. Transportation costs can range from 50 to 80 percent of supply chain costs, depending on the industry and type of operation. Tim Feemster, managing principal, Foremost Quality Logistics
High-speed road access is needed to meet the Five Minutes to 55 MPH rule. For every minute/mile driven below 55, one minute/mile of total distance will not be covered by the driver in a day of legal driving. Multiply that by the number of trucks in and out per day and the impact of reduced speed becomes very noticeable. For example, says Feemster, an extra 15 minutes per truck for 400 trucks/day (200 in and 200 out) means 100 hours per business day. Multiply that by 250 business days per year and 25,000 hours of driving is lost getting in and out of the operation that is over 10 man-years of time every year.

Meeting Just-in-Time Delivery Needs
Quick access to well-maintained, highly reliable, high-speed highway systems as well as their connections to intermodal sites is critical for meeting the growing needs for just-in-time delivery of supply-chain manufacturing components and final product deliveries. Just-in-time delivery is preferred because it reduces inventory costs but will only be effective if manufacturing and shipping deadlines can be met. Excellent highway access is especially important for logistics and distribution companies that must meet tight shipping schedules.

Ready access to high-quality, well-maintained highways and interstates is critical for meeting customer shipping demands, as well as deploying future business strategies that may involve new markets. However, deteriorating roads and bridges in the U.S. are a major concern for companies that depend on trucking for shipping and receiving. According to the World Economic Forums 2014-2015 Global Competitiveness Report, the U.S. ranked 16th for the quality of its roads.

Differences in infrastructure will continue to grow in importance as we become even more of an economy where just-in-time manufacturing and distribution of goods are more critical, says Larry Gigerich, managing director of Ginovus, an Indianapolis-based location consulting firm. States and communities that make the investments in increasing road infrastructure, and in existing infrastructure, will be in better shape for economic development.
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