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Inward Investment Guides

Regional Report: Industrial Diversification Helps Midwest Meet Today’s Economic Challenges

Dale D. Buss, Staff Editor, Area Development (Directory 2016)
The largely Midwest-based automotive is humming along to record sales and hauling hundreds of companies in the region along with it while technology companies have begun to warm up to the talent and work ethic that resides in America’s heartland. More

Data Center Demand Emerges Throughout New Locations in North America

Area Development Research Desk (Directory 2016)
Data centers are key economic drivers in markets within which they operate, and operators have looked to be more efficient with their locations, expanding into regions with more flexible utility costs, incentives packages or lower taxes. More

Frontline: NIH Expands Its REACH

Karen Thuermer (Q2 2015)
Bioresearch got a shot in the arm when the National Institutes of Health announced that three proof-of-concept hubs would join three already existing Research Evaluation and Commercialization Hubs: The Long Island Bioscience Hub, The University of Louisville and The University of Minnesota. More

Infrastructure Investment: The Bridge to Economic Growth

Dale D. Buss, Staff Editor, Area Development (Q1 2015)
Although conditions vary, much of the nation’s infrastructure is in dire need of repair and/or replacement, affecting business in general and some companies — as well as their location decisions — in particular. More

Expanding the Cloud: The Top Data Center Markets in North America

Area Development Research Desk (Data Centers 2015)
The data center market is seeing high demand and low price. The competitive pricing is due in part to the large number of options available, yet the industry is expected to enjoy 32 percent growth in North America by 2016, ultimately becoming a $14.8 billion market. More

Regional Report: Advanced Industry Clusters Fueling Growth in the Midwest States

Mark Crawford (Directory 2015)
Economic growth in the Midwest was steady in 2014, thanks to solid performances by the agriculture and manufacturing sectors, especially transportation equipment. The economy also got a boost from the surging energy sector, led by oil-shale production in Ohio, which improved sales for supporting industries like sand, chemicals, and steel drill pipe made in Midwestern steel plants. More

Critical Site Selection Factor #9: Low Union Profile - Unions Still a “No-Go” Factor for Many

Dale D. Buss, Staff Editor, Area Development (Q4 2014)
Having a low union profile ranked as slightly more important in Area Development’s latest Corporate Survey, up one position to #9. But in a similarly incremental sense, U.S. unions overall actually may have gained some ground over the last year. More

Revolutionary Advances in Life Sciences amid Industry Disruption and Uncertainty

Mark Crawford (Q4 2014)
Major economic, social, and regulatory factors are having big impacts on the life sciences and medical device industries, representing an opportunity for innovative companies to become new leaders and gain market share. More

MINNESOTA at a glance

POPULATION: 5,420,380 (2013)

LABOR FORCE: 3,001,186 (October 2014)


TRADITIONAL INDUSTRIES:Health care, medical product manufacturing, computer and electronic product manufacturing, food processing, industrial machinery manufacturing.

EXPANDING INDUSTRIES: Health care, administrative services, professional and technical services, clean energy.

COLLEGE GRADUATES: (Age 25 and over) 33.5%, Rank 11th (2013)

Corporate Income Tax: Corporations' rate is 9.8 percent, one-factor sales formula (sales, property, payroll): 100 percent-sales.

Sales and Use Tax:The overall state sales tax rate is 6.875 percent with a local tax maximum of 1.1 percent. Unlike other states, Minnesota does not tax materials and fuels used in the manufacturing process. Minnesota currently refunds sales tax paid on capital equipment (machinery and equipment) used in the manufacturing process. Beginning July 1, 2015, there will be an upfront exemption on these taxes. There are also several other major exemptions for businesses, including fees for capital equipment installation and repair. For qualified data centers, enterprise information technology equipment and electricity used in the operation of the center are exempt. Computer software is refunded. A qualified data center is a facility in Minnesota that consist of at least 25,000 square feet, where the total cost of construction or refurbishment, investment in information technology equipment and computer software is at least $30 million within a period of 48 months.

Property Tax: Personal property, including machinery and inventory, is exempt from property tax; as well as personal property used for control of air, water, or land pollution including heavy machinery that would be considered real property otherwise. Local governments tax all real property not specifically exempted; each property's assessed value is multiplied by 1.5 percent for the first $150,000 of value and 2 percent of any value over $150,000; this new value, or tax capacity, is multiplied by the local and state property tax rates plus any local referendum rate to determine property tax liability.

Tax-Free Development (JOBZ): Provides local and state tax exemptions to qualified companies that start up or expand in targeted areas of Greater Minnesota. There are 10 job zones comprising more than 29,000 acres in about 325 communities. Benefits include corporate franchise tax, income tax for operators or investors, property tax on commercial and industrial improvements (but not on land), wind energy production tax, and employment tax credit for high paying jobs.

Job Creation Fund: Offers performance-based financial incentives to new and expanding businesses that meet certain job creation and capital investment targets. Eligible companies to participate may receive up to $1 million for creating or retaining high-paying jobs and for constructing or renovating facilities or making other property improvements. In cases with significant investment and job creation, companies may receive awards of up to $2 million.

Minnesota Investment Fund: Provides financing to help add new workers and retain high-quality jobs on a statewide basis. The focus is on industrial, manufacturing, and technology-related industries to increase the local and state tax base and improve economic vitality statewide.

Minnesota Job Skills Partnership Program: Provides training grants of up to $400,000 to educational institutions that partner with businesses to develop new-job training or retraining for existing employees.

Data Center Sales Tax Exemptions: For qualified data centers, enterprise information technology equipment, electricity used in the operation of the center, and computer software (refund) are exempt. A qualified data center is a facility in Minnesota that consist of at least 25,000 square feet, where the total cost of construction or refurbishment, investment in information technology equipment and computer software is at least $30 million within a period of 48 months.

Angel Tax Credit: Provides a 25-percent credit to investors or investment funds that put money into startup companies focused on high technology, new proprietary technology, or a new proprietary product, process or service in specified fields. The maximum credit is $125,000 per person, per year ($250,000 if filing jointly). The credit is refundable and non-Minnesota residents (including residents of foreign countries) are eligible. Beginning 2015, there will be $15 million in tax credits per year (up from $12 million).

Greater MN Job Expansion Program: Provides tax benefits to businesses located in Greater Minnesota that increase employment. Qualifying businesses that meet job-growth goals may receive sales tax refunds for purchases made during a seven-year period.

Principal Manufacturing industries

  • Computer & Electronic Products
  • Food Products
  • Fabricated Metal Products
  • Machinery
  • Printing & Related Support Activities
  • Miscellaneous products (composed of mostly medical devices)
  • Other Manufacturing Industries
Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, DEED