Ranked #5: Availability of Telecommunications Services
The companies that rated AVAILABILITY OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS as very important in Area Development's 2006 Corporate Survey realize that those communities setting ICT trends are more attractive locations than those just reacting to these trends.
In the area of economic development, ICT can provide access to markets and jobs, and promote competition and efficiency. ICT eliminates the barriers of geography and can enable new jobs, wealth creation, and cost reduction through many applications not even defined yet. Ten years ago, who would have thought that eBay could create e-commerce business around the world selling all kinds of products and services - even used jeans from someone in Alabama to someone in Poland.
In the area of human development, ICT can help to improve quality of life for the individual by providing access to education, entertainment, and healthcare. ICT alone cannot make one literate, but it can enable life-long learning and education independent of the limitations of language, distance, age, and physical disabilities. It can permit access to any movie, TV show, music, newspaper, or book instantaneously, independent of location.
Evolution of ICT
Over the last decade ICT has evolved dramatically in response to the proliferation of the Internet, ubiquitous wireless and mobile networks, and the emergence of new data-intensive computing and communications applications. These applications include, among others, high-speed Internet web browsing; wireless networking; high-definition television and DVD players; VoIP-enabled products; sophisticated Gigabit Ethernet corporate networks; portable media players that are able to play both audio and video; cellular handsets that act as a camera or camcorder, handle e-mail and surf the Internet; and mobile TV and game platforms and other wireless-enabled consumer electronics and peripherals.
This evolution has also changed the ways in which we communicate. Consumers and businesses continue to seek faster, more cost-effective ways to receive and transmit voice, video, data, and multimedia to and throughout the home, the office, and the mobile environment. We can now access and communicate information via wired and wireless networks through a variety of electronic devices, including personal desktop and laptop computers, digital cable and satellite set-top boxes, high-definition televisions, handheld computing devices such as personal digital assistants, or PDAs, and cellular phones.
Worldwide spending on new telecom infrastructure is expected to rise to $240 billion in 2008, up 19 percent from 2005. The most recent phenomenon is video; a greater proportion of that spending is expected to be plowed into accommodating capacity-hogging Internet traffic like video. What are the new business applications utilizing video? I don't know, but I bet some 13-year-old somewhere is already dreaming up another Google business.
The impact of video on telecom adds another dimension to bandwidth. The new video files can be clunky and costly to handle. A typical Internet video file eats up 1,000 times as much bandwidth as an average e-mail message. And while sending 100,000 e-mails costs a telecom company around 20 cents, transmitting 100,000 low-resolution videos costs around $15, and sending 100,000 high-definition movies costs around $10,800, according to Infonetics Research.
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