What Is Quality of Life?
This abstract concept, so difficult to define and quantify, is nonetheless a vital component of the location decision-making process.
For mobile entrepreneurs and small business owners looking to move, quality of life plays a role in the decision because these individuals usually choose locations based on their own personal preferences. Larger companies, on the other hand, tend to consider quality-of-life factors in relation to the ability to recruit professionals and attract transferees. This is particularly important for corporate headquarters, regional sales and marketing offices, and high-tech research and development or manufacturing facilities that require large numbers of engineers.
A general rule of thumb is that the greater the number of professionals who will be transferred or recruited from elsewhere, the more important quality-of-life factors will be. How each factor is ranked depends on the type of professional the company needs to attract to the new location. Recent college graduates, for example, might lean more toward cities with an active downtown nightlife; young married professionals with children would be more attracted to cities that offer high-quality public education systems and family-oriented attractions; and older professionals might prefer prestigious country clubs or performing arts centers.
While some location searches do not include quality of life until the process has been narrowed to a short list of locations, quality-of-life factors often go to the top of the criteria list quite early in the process when searching for corporate headquarters, according to Mark Sweeney of McCallum Sweeney Consulting, who cites as an example the recent decision by Nissan North America, Inc., to relocate its headquarters from Gardena, Calif., to the Nashville, Tenn., area. The company, which moved its corporate operations to temporary offices in downtown Nashville over the summer, reports that more than 45 percent of professional, managerial, and executive employees have chosen to relocate. The site for its new headquarters, under construction and scheduled for completion in 2008, is just south of Nashville in Williamson County - which happens to be the most upscale of all the surrounding counties.
For relocations, particularly headquarters, "part of the whole strategy is to convince the largest number of people to transfer," says C.R. "Buzz" Canup, president of site selection for Angelou Economics. When evaluating locations for quality of life criteria, he uses a list of 10 to 15 subfactors that basically remain the same from one study to another, but change in value according to the company's specifications or corporate culture. In the recreation subfactor, for instance, one company might want mountain bike trails while another considers golf courses to be the highest priority. Or in higher education, one company might want a major research university in the area while another might want access to a community college that can offer courses tailored to company needs.
For Intel Corporation, which recently selected Fort Collins, Colorado, for a new computer chip design center, quality of life is a "huge" factor whenever the company is looking for a new site, according to Judy Cara, the company's community and government relations manager. Intel had already been operating in Fort Collins for several years under a co-location arrangement with Hewlett Packard when the HP designers there joined Intel. "Overnight, our head count increased by 300," says Cara, who is based in Colorado Springs and, because she is familiar with the area, was given responsibility to play a major role in the search for a new design facility site.
Although the final deciding factor for Intel was not related to quality of life but instead was the sudden availability of a suitable existing building, Cara emphasizes that quality-of-life factors still played a big role in the decision. Quality of education, reasonable cost of living - including healthcare costs - and other more subjective benefits such as the area's "outdoorsy lifestyle factor" and its "300 days of sunshine a year" were important parts of the equation, she says. Fort Collins, which ranked first in Money magazine's August 2006 list of "America's Best Places to Live," has clearly found success in attracting high-tech R&D operations. In September, Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., opened its new "Mile High Design Center" for advanced microprocessor development. Security camera manufacturer Pelco also selected Fort Collins for its new product development center, which now employs about 25 engineers.
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